High dimensional change point estimation via sparse projection

The event is taking part on the Friday, Sep 29th 2017 at 11.00
Theme/s: Statistics
Location of Event: Alan Turing Room 306
This event is a: Public Seminar

Abstract: Change points are a very common feature of big data that arrive in the form of a data stream. We study high dimensional time series in which, at certain time points, the mean structure changes in a sparse subset of the co-ordinates. The challenge is to borrow strength across the co-ordinates to detect smaller changes than could be observed in any individual component series. We propose a two-stage procedure called inspect for estimation of the change points: first, we argue that a good projection direction can be obtained as the leading left singular vector of the matrix that solves a convex optimization problem derived from the cumulative sum transformation of the time series. We then apply an existing univariate change point estimation algorithm to the projected series. Our theory provides strong guarantees on both the number of estimated change points and the rates of convergence of their locations, and our numerical studies validate its highly competitive empirical performance for a wide range of data-generating mechanisms. Software implementing the methodology is available in the R package 'InspectChangepoint'.

This is joint work with Tengyao Wang (Cambridge).

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External Speakers

Richard Samworth (University of Cambridge)